What is the Difference Between Network Cable & Ethernet Cable?

Difference Between Network Cable & Ethernet Cable

The foundation of every communication system is its wiring. Understanding the precise purposes and distinctions between different types of cables can be challenging, given the abundance of options available. Ethernet and network cables are two of the topics that are most often discussed. Though they are frequently used synonymously, are these phrases indeed the same? To assist you in making judgments regarding your networking requirements, we will examine the definitions of network cables and Ethernet cables in this article, their distinctions, and a thorough comparison.

What is Network Cable?

A network cable is a generic term that describes any type of cabling used to connect and transfer data between computers, routers, switches, and storage area networks. Network cables are essential components in the infrastructure of computer networks, including Local Area Networks (LAN), Wide Area Networks (WAN), and even global networks such as the Internet. They ensure the reliable transmission of data, signals, and power.

Network cables come in various forms, including coaxial, fiber optic, and twisted pair cables. Each type serves specific purposes and is selected based on distance, speed requirements, and the physical environment.

Types of Network Cables

Coaxial Cable: Primarily used in older networks, coaxial cables consist of a central conductor surrounded by insulation and a grounded braided wire shield. They are durable and offer good resistance to electrical interference.

Fiber Optic Cable: Made from glass fibers, fiber optic cables transmit data as light signals, offering high-speed data transmission over long distances with minimal signal loss. They are immune to electromagnetic interference.

Twisted Pair Cable: The most common type in modern networks, twisted pair cables consist of pairs of insulated copper wires twisted together. The twists help reduce electromagnetic interference. They come in two varieties:

Shielded Twisted Pair (STP): This includes additional shielding to protect against interference.

Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP): Lacks additional shielding but is suitable for most standard networking environments.

What is an Ethernet Cable?

An Ethernet cable is a specific network cable used primarily in wired networks. It connects devices such as PCs, routers, and switches within a LAN. Ethernet cables are designed to transmit data via the Ethernet protocol, a standard networking method developed in the 1980s.

Types of Ethernet Cables

Ethernet cables are typically categorized by their performance capabilities:

Cat5 (Category 5): Supports speeds up to 100 Mbps and is suitable for basic networking needs.

Cat5e (Category 5e): Enhanced version of Cat5, supports speeds up to 1 Gbps and reduces crosstalk.

Cat6 (Category 6): Supports speeds up to 10 Gbps over shorter distances and offers better performance with reduced crosstalk.

Cat6a (Category 6a): An advanced version of Cat6, supports 10 Gbps over longer distances.

Cat7 and Cat8 (Category 7 and 8): Designed for very high-speed networks, supporting speeds up to 40 Gbps and beyond, with extensive shielding to minimize interference.

Ethernet Cable vs Network Cable: A Detailed Comparison

To understand the nuances between Ethernet and network cables, let’s delve into their applications, types, construction, transmission speeds, materials, and classification.

Application and Process

Network Cables: Used broadly in various networking applications, network cables encompass a range of types, including Ethernet cables, coaxial cables, and fiber optic cables. Their application depends on the specific requirements of the network infrastructure, such as distance, data transfer rates, and environmental conditions.

Ethernet Cables: Ethernet cables are a subset of network cables specifically designed for Ethernet networks. They connect devices within a LAN, facilitating high-speed data transfer between computers, routers, switches, and other network devices.

Cable Type and Construction

Network Cables: The construction of network cables varies widely:

Coaxial Cables: Central conductor, insulating layer, metallic shield, and outer insulating layer.

Fiber Optic Cables: Core (glass or plastic fibers), cladding, buffer coating, and outer jacket.

Twisted Pair Cables: Pairs of insulated copper wires twisted together, with or without additional shielding.

Ethernet Cables: Typically composed of four pairs of twisted copper wires encased in a plastic sheath. The twisting reduces electromagnetic interference and crosstalk. Higher categories (Cat6, Cat7, Cat8) include additional shielding for enhanced performance.

Transmission Speeds

Network Cables: Transmission speeds vary based on the type of cable:

Coaxial Cables: Generally support speeds up to 10 Mbps.

Fiber Optic Cables: Capable of extremely high speeds, exceeding 100 Gbps over long distances.

Twisted Pair Cables (Ethernet): Speeds range from 10 Mbps (Cat3) to 40 Gbps (Cat8).

Ethernet Cables: Focused on high-speed data transfer within local networks:

Cat5: Up to 100 Mbps.

Cat5e: Up to 1 Gbps.

Cat6: Up to 10 Gbps over shorter distances.

Cat6a: Up to 10 Gbps over longer distances.

Cat7 and Cat8: Up to 40 Gbps and beyond.


Network Cables: The materials used depend on the type of cable:

Coaxial Cables: Copper or aluminum for the conductor, polyethylene or similar for insulation, and a braided metal shield.

Fiber Optic Cables: Glass or plastic fibers with protective coatings and jackets.

Twisted Pair Cables: Copper wires with plastic insulation, with or without additional shielding.

Ethernet Cables: Primarily use copper wires for their conductive properties, with plastic insulation and varying degrees of shielding based on the category.


Network Cables: Classified based on their construction and application, such as coaxial, fiber optic, and twisted pair.

Ethernet Cables: Classified by their performance standards (Cat5, Cat6, Cat7, Cat8), with each category specifying bandwidth, maximum data rate, and shielding.

Is Ethernet Cable Same As Network Cable?

While Ethernet cables are a type of network cable, not all network cables are Ethernet cables. Network cables are a broader term encompassing various cabling solutions used for different networking needs, including Ethernet cables. Ethernet cables are specifically designed for Ethernet networks, following the Ethernet protocol to ensure efficient and high-speed data transfer within local networks.

Why You Should Consider Ethernet Cables?

Choosing the right cabling for your network is crucial for performance and reliability. Ethernet cables offer several advantages, making them a preferred choice for many networking scenarios.

Excellent Speed

Ethernet cables are designed to provide high-speed data transfer, essential for activities that demand significant bandwidth, such as streaming, gaming, and large file transfers. Higher category cables like Cat6, Cat7, and Cat8 ensure you achieve the fastest speeds.

Maximize Network Performance

Ethernet cables can maximize your network’s performance by reducing latency and improving data transfer rates. This is particularly important in environments where multiple devices are connected, and high data throughput is required.

Support Bandwidth-Demanding Applications

Ethernet cables support bandwidth-intensive applications such as video conferencing, VoIP, and large-scale data storage and retrieval. Their stable and consistent performance ensures that these applications run smoothly without interruption.

Wireless Security

While wireless networks offer convenience, they are also more susceptible to security breaches. Ethernet cables provide a more secure connection as they are less prone to hacking and interference. Using Ethernet cables, you can safeguard sensitive information and maintain a more secure network environment.

Eliminate Fluctuating Signals

Wireless networks can suffer from signal fluctuations due to interference from other devices, physical obstructions, or distance from the router. Ethernet cables provide a stable and consistent connection, eliminating the issues associated with fluctuating wireless signals.

Boost Your Network With High-Quality Network Cabling

Investing in high-quality network cabling, including Ethernet cables, is essential for building a robust and reliable network. Quality cabling from Network Drops ensures longevity, reduces the need for frequent replacements, and supports the ever-increasing demands of modern digital communication.


In conclusion, understanding the differences between network cables and Ethernet cables is essential for making informed decisions about your networking infrastructure. Ethernet cable wiring, as a subset of network cables, offer specific speed, performance, and security advantages. Choosing the right type of cabling can optimize your network’s efficiency and reliability, ensuring seamless communication and data transfer.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. How do I know which type of cable I need for my network?

To determine the appropriate cable for your network, consider factors such as the required data transfer speed, the distance between connected devices, and the potential for electromagnetic interference. Cat5e or Cat6 Ethernet cables are suitable for most home and office networks. For higher-speed requirements, consider Cat6a, Cat7, or Cat8 cables.

Q2. Can I use LAN as an Ethernet cable?

Yes, LAN (Local Area Network) cable is often used interchangeably with Ethernet cable. Both refer to the same cabling used to connect devices within a local network using the Ethernet protocol.

Q3. Is an Ethernet cable faster than a Wi-Fi connection?

Generally, yes. Ethernet cables provide a direct, wired connection that is typically faster and more stable than Wi-Fi. Ethernet avoids interference and signal loss with wireless connections, offering higher speeds and lower latency.

Q4. Does using an Ethernet cable improve security?

Yes, using an Ethernet cable can improve network security. Wired connections are less susceptible to hacking than wireless connections, as they require physical access to the network. This reduces the risk of unauthorized access and eavesdropping.

Q5. Can I use a damaged network cable?

Using a damaged network cable can result in poor performance, intermittent connectivity, or complete network connection failure. It is recommended that damaged cables be replaced to ensure reliable network performance and avoid potential data loss or corruption.